Classic designs and colors. Our idea of a classic oriental carpet.
These rugs are named after the home of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. They are difficult to classify as they vary in size, design, and composition. Although they often exhibit open fields with smaller medallions and guards, they can also be woven with all-over designs.
A range of traditional designs are still used including vase, Tree of Life, and pictorial schemes. However, the most popular composition is based on a circular central medallion set against an elegantly sculpted field decorated with intricately purling vine palmette and floral motifs.
The Bidjar design nomenclature is very broad. The classically derived Herati design of stylized diamonds, leaves or fish, and small flowers, is the most often seen design in Bidjar rugs. However, weavers also used the Harshang, Mina Hani, and Afshan designs, as well as dramatic Open Fields formats.
The virtues of Heriz carpets are found in their design style and color. The signature of a Heriz is the large medallion with over-scale comer-pieces filled with angular oak leaves and foliage, at once bold and captivating.
The majority of Kashan carpets have a similar design with a central medallion and Persian floral motifs forming the pattern, however as with most regions designs may vary throughout. Popular colors are ivory, green and red with soft greens and blues found in newer rugs.
Typically geometric in patterns, Kazaks tend to be red, yellow, gold or blue in color. Designs can include animals, flowers and medallions similar to tribal rugs but are almost always implemented with straight lines.
Mahal rugs hail from the city of Mahallat, and they can be found with both tribal and curved motifs. These attributes derive from the unique position of the city of Mahallat, which is between the cities of Arak and Delijan.
The pile is usually very high quality wool, clipped short, and silk is often used as highlighting for detail in the design. Nains use the Shah Abbas design and make use of flowing design such as flowers and tendrils.
Serapi rugs are a distinct Heriz region style. They are woven with finer knotting and more large-scale spaciously placedd antique carpet designs than other rugs from this area. The wide palette of hues came from many carefully brewed plants and minerals.
Soumak is a type of flat-weave, somewhat resembling but stronger and thicker than a Kilim, with a smooth front face and a ragged back, where a Kilim is smooth on both sides. Soumaks lack the slits characteristic of a Kilim, as it is usually woven with supplementary weft threads as continuous supports. Soumaks usually present the same motiffs as Kilims.
Most Tabriz rugs have a powerful red or blue with contrasting ivory background. Softer greens, blues and browns can be found in newer carpets to meed modern tastes and interiors. Tabriz, Iran is the host to some of the the most beautiful rugs in the world.
A few centuries back, almost all Turkmen rugs were produced by nomadic tribes almost entirely with locally obtained materials, wool from the herds and vegetable dyes, or other natural dyes from the land. They used geometrical designs that varied from tribe to tribe; the most famous are the Yomut, Ersari, Saryk, Salor, and Tekke.